How to start writing a research paper,Writing An Research Paper Introduction

How to start writing a research paper

The objective of a summary is to provide you with a street map of what’s to be composed in the paper. Contained how to start writing a research paper in this packet, you will find a list of six steps that will aid you in the research paper writing process. Be Original. May 19, 2020 · Begin the legal research paper by writing down a clear statement of the facts. A research synopsis is a homework helps students short outline of what your research thesis is and all the steps you propose to follow in order to achieve them. On the Internet, many articles in which writers write about: “how to write a research paper.

Start with the question followed by a …. Proofread the final draft i will help you when writing your research paper Research Paper Details. May 21, 2019 · Either way, it essentially how to start writing a research paper functions as a research paper. CategoryResearch Paper.; TopicHow to get started writing a research paper.; Author; PostedSun, Jul 19th 2020 10:17 AM; Formatjpg/jpeg > More Like This. Scientific research and manuscript writing …. Then start writing your introduction. This can help ensure flow.

Wiesen Last Modified Date: June 27, 2020 . Step 2 evaluating online sources research paper and report writing : Do a preliminary search for information. Set up a time to how to start writing a research paper meet with people (you will probably start with at least one in-class interview of another student). If your academic area is science or medicine, you can write an extremely interesting fact or even a shocking fact. Your overall approach will be either qualitative or ….

While writing research papers, excellent papers focus a great deal on the methodology. The Methods section of a research article is like a roadmap leading to the core of the research, guiding the readers through the actual journey the authors took to reach their destination. Discuss the importance of your proposed research work to research as a whole. Before you begin writing your business research paper, choose a good topic to write about. Relax and let comprehensive sample research papers clear your doubts How to write dissertation abstract within 300 words; Akreditimet; Marrëveshjet; Studentët . Outline the paper. Second, you must craft a http://artbycruz.com/uncategorized/order-life-science-business-plan transition Jul 23, 2020 · While how to start writing a legal research paper writing research papers, excellent how to start writing a research paper papers focus a great deal on the methodology. Be sure to have sound knowledge of legal research …..

CategoryResearch Paper.; TopicHow to get started writing a research paper.; Author; PostedSun, Jul 19th 2020 10:17 AM; Formatjpg/jpeg > More Like This. By the time you finish the culture essay writers sites essay writing process, you will know what to use in abstract to perfectly describe your work. They should, instead, require both research and analysis on the part of the writer. Step 2 : Do a preliminary search for information. …. You may be inclined to start writing as soon as possible, but believe us: ten to twenty Prepare a plan for your how to start writing a research paper work. 1 day ago · To begin with, make a summary.

The topic you begin writing about is likely very familiar to you, as it is Explain the Importance. Write a dissertation in 3 weeks; Writing a science fair research paper; Writing a dissertation conclusion example; Tarifat dhe pagesat; Këshilla dhe orientime për student; Aktivitete. At the start of each paragraph, use a topic sentence to introduce the reader to the main idea in the section, and link it to the thesis If you make a section break between the title page and the rest of the paper you can make the header different for those two parts of the manuscript). Jul 23, 2020 · While how to start writing a legal research paper writing research papers, excellent papers focus a great deal on the methodology. If you planned your paper out, then most of …. You should begin by determining your topic or a specific aspect of the topic you have been assigned or chosen • Start the section with a general background of the topic. For a start you need to provide an answer to the objective of how to start writing a research paper your essay, don’t let your format hinder you into writing a good essay, provide an executive summary, you can tell an intriguing story, make sure your brief and precise, exercise organizational skills Writing a graduate-level research paper takes a great deal of thought, time and resources, because of the sheer expectation placed upon graduate students.

Write your essay. This is the first draft that demonstrates your skills to conduct research. Here are the best elements to a research paper: 1 The Introduction. Demonstrate your expertise on the discussed subject and take into account many various examples, illustrations, graphics, statistics May 20, 2020 · As a rule, a case study outline includes the following points: Introduction – Write an introduction where you identify the key problem and make a summary of the thesis statement in 1 or 2 sentences. Write a dissertation in 3 weeks; Writing a science fair research how to start writing a research paper paper; Writing a dissertation conclusion example; Tarifat dhe pagesat; Këshilla dhe orientime për student; Aktivitete.

Start writing paper a to how research

This will allow you to come up with the necessary content of your newspaper. Mar 23, 2020 · It might be helpful to look over your research before you start writing, but don’t write directly from your research. You should begin by determining your topic or a specific aspect of the topic you have been assigned or chosen Having said that, the structure would look something like this: State the question of the research and explain why it’s important. Note: except under unusual circumstance, you may not include any data that you have already published. It creates the general idea of your research by highlighting the questions and issues you are going to address in your paper. Aktivitete studentore; Debate; Writing first draft research paper. They often begin with “How” or “Why.”. Secondly, you must organize your research paper according to ….Establish your topic. In fact, the process of writing a research paper can be one of the more rewarding experiences one may encounter in academics Jul 23, 2020 · First, that in turn should be how to start writing a research paper taken into account – a fair and accurate decision motive research paper. It also helps you stay focused and makes the research work generally less tedious Writing the Body.

Your introduction should summarize your topic, it’s relevance to other research, and how you arrived at your hypothesis. Step 2 : Do a preliminary search for information. CategoryResearch Paper.; TopicHow to get started writing a research paper.; Author; PostedSun, Jul 19th 2020 10:17 AM; Formatjpg/jpeg > More Like This. Sometimes background information is also necessary Feb 27, 2020 · Starting Your Research Paper: Writing an Introductory Paragraph The Dreaded Introductory Paragraph Writing the introductory paragraph can be a frustrating and slow process -- but it doesn't have to be. Aktivitete studentore; Debate; Writing first draft research paper. Since this is a research paper it how to start writing a research paper doesn't have to be controversial, revolutionary, super innovative, etc. The catalog of topics is presented by the teacher or described in the methodical councils of the relevant discipline. Aktivitete studentore; Debate; Writing first draft research paper. State Your Research Theme.

Write a first draft. Most research papers begin as a school assignment. Research Paper Details. If so, when writing required papers and rare books, original dissertations, archived articles, you want to figure out […]. Here is a short breakdown of the APA proposal format: 12-point font Times New Roman. Build your essay around points you want to make (i.e., don’t let your sources organize your paper) Integrate your sources into your discussion. The catalog of topics is presented by the teacher or described in the methodical councils of the relevant discipline. You have written research papers, but every time is like the first time, and the first time was like a root canal.. 6-7 sentences, 150-250 words) long. Research Paper Details. The background of the study provides context to the information that you are discussing in your paper. You should place each point into its paragraph. how to start writing a research paper

Easy Bird Essay Writing Service

Aim to write in a way that makes it easy to …. Be sure to have sound knowledge of legal research … The background of the study provides context to the information that you are discussing in your paper. Know the assignment: Make sure you know the requirements of the assignment. May 18, 2020 · If you write a research paper in humanities, you can start the introduction with a quotation or even an anecdote. The first sentences should be common about the general topic and then you should add some 2. Use your outline and prospectus as flexible guides. Begin your research Jul 23, 2020 · While how to start writing a legal research paper writing research papers, excellent papers focus a great deal on the methodology. Just because you’re writing an academic research paper doesn’t mean you have to be dry and boring Jul 23, 2020 · First, how to start writing a research paper that in turn should be taken into account – a fair and accurate decision motive research paper. • Look specifically for details that support your thesis or question.

In the manuscript, this section contains the essential details for other scientists to replicate the experiments of the study and help the common readers to understand the study better HOW TO WRITE AN EFFECTIVE RESEARCH PAPER • Getting ready with data • First draft • Structure of a scientific paper • Selecting a journal • Submission • Revision and galley proof Disclaimer: The suggestions and remarks in this presentation are based on personal research experience. Get background/overview information: Look through encyclopedias, dictionaries, almanacs etc (the Library has them online and in print). Here’s where you present the background and context for the rest of your article. Be sure to have sound knowledge of legal research … Jun 11, 2020 · To conduct research is a complex process, but it is even more difficult to write a research paper. If so, when writing required papers and rare books, original dissertations, archived articles, you want to figure out […]. You are a re-entry student and it's been fourteen years since you've written a paper. 3. Take the first step: Make sure to start right away and begin collecting your resources. Start by making a list of your strengths and weaknesses; be they mental, physical, spiritual or even emotional and any special talents or qualities you may have, people you adore – all things that make you confident. Write a dissertation in 3 weeks; Writing a science fair research paper; Writing a dissertation conclusion example; Tarifat how to start writing a research paper dhe pagesat; Këshilla dhe orientime për student; Aktivitete. Look for sources of information. Before you begin writing your business research paper, choose a good topic to write about.

Writing Stories Vs Writing Research Paper

Take enough time to divide the writing process into segments, dedicating each of them to a Look for. The catalog of topics is presented by the teacher or described in the methodical councils of the relevant discipline. Sep 22, 2019 · The first key to writing a good research paper is starting early. Since writing this type of academic work requires good academic writing skills, as well as knowledge of “how to properly write a research paper”. Write a dissertation in 3 weeks; Writing a science fair research paper; Writing a dissertation conclusion example; Tarifat dhe pagesat; Këshilla dhe orientime për student; Aktivitete. Are you facing the trouble going through the methodology section? An outline details how you will get from here to there, and helps ensure that you take the most direct and logical route. Yes, the research sample and methodology define the fate of the papers. If so, when writing required papers and rare books, original dissertations, archived articles, you how to start writing a research paper want to figure out […].

Write an abstract that summaries how to start writing a research paper the main ideas and the purpose of your research paper. May 18, 2020 · How to Write a Research Paper Introduction? 1. So if you are writing about a person you can talk about how they were influential, made an impact on issues of that time period, thrived through difficult circumstances. The facts, if not yet proven, are allegations Look for major themes, controversies, new theories/thoughts that you could explore. Write a bibliography. Use the toolbox to insert a page number, so it will automatically number each page. You may develop your own steps or procedures as you progress in your writing career; these steps are just to help you begin Start off by following these essential steps: Select a topic that inspires you Find reliable sources Organize your notes Brainstorm a substantial outline Write a first draft Read through first draft and re-write Edit. Write a dissertation in 3 weeks; Writing a science fair research paper; Writing a dissertation conclusion example; Tarifat dhe pagesat; Këshilla dhe orientime për student; Aktivitete. Be sure to have sound knowledge of legal research … The APA format itself can help you understand how to write a proposal for a research paper. Background Information – Include some relevant facts and …. (See “Components of a Research Paper.”) *10.

Then, make sure you include an interesting fact, or some surprising statistical data, so that your reader will be hooked and will continue to read your research paper Research Paper Details. The catalog of topics is presented by the teacher or described in the methodical councils of the relevant discipline. Organize your ideas. Contained in this packet, you will find a list of six steps that will aid you in the research paper writing process. Be sure to have sound knowledge of legal research … How to write dissertation abstract within 300 words; Akreditimet; Marrëveshjet; Studentët . Step 2 : Do a preliminary search for how to start writing a research paper information. Aktivitete studentore; Debate; Writing first draft research paper. A research proposal is a concise summary of your research paper. An outline is like a road map.

Flush right, on same line: page number. Ask questions and record the answers. The first paragraph is devoted to the discussion of the objectives of the task; the second should present and summarize issues related to the topic under discussion, or arguments in support of a particular opinion How to write dissertation abstract within 300 words; Akreditimet; Marrëveshjet; Studentët . It just needs to provide direction on where your paper is going. You coasted through high school on your charm and how to start writing a research paper good looks and never actually wrote a research paper. In fact, the process of writing a research paper can be one of the more rewarding experiences one may encounter in academics A good way to write an introduction for a research paper is to introduce your reader to the topic by telling them what you are writing about. Sometimes the most difficult part of writing a research paper is just getting it started. Write a bibliography. Before you begin writing your business research paper, choose a good topic to write about. Establish your topic. Choosing to write an abstract first is highly impractical, takes ages, and it doesn’t represent the research paper adequately..

Essay Writing Service Sydney

Step 1: Pick a Topic That Is Researched a Little Bit Sometimes, research paper topics are assigned to students but the Step 2: Do In-Depth Research Taking Quick Notes If you are not sure how to write a 3-page research paper fast, keep in Step 3: Create an Outline of Your Essay in Advance Now. Jun 24, 2019 · Write your questions. Aug 08, 2018 · Research questions should not be answerable with a simple “yes” or “no” or by easily-found facts. Focus/Define your topic and arguments: Pick something within your broader topic you are familiar with or something you are interested in learning more about. The base of every essay is its topic. Wiesen Last Modified Date: June 27, 2020 . Organization of your paper is determined by how you choose how to start writing a research paper to plan your paragraphs in the body. However, others suggest that you start wherever you wish – anything to get rid of that blank screen or piece of paper Apr 06, 2018 · As with any paper, aim to write clearly and in a way that will be interesting for your intended audience. If so, when writing required papers and rare books, original dissertations, archived articles, you want to figure out […]. We suggest two typical ways to start your essay: Ask a question related to the issue. For writing it, demonstrate the uniqueness of your research paper.

So far in your research paper, your readers covered the introduction , literature review , research methodology and now it’s the time and place how to start writing a research paper to bring their. Performing experiments allows combining practical actions with academic knowledge Jun 27, 2020 · G. Next you should decide which format is best suited. While people in the academic or scientific fields and individuals who are interested in pursuing topics independently may take on research papers as a work assignment, most people's first research paper takes place while in school Jun 11, 2020 · For authors who are making their first attempt at writing a research article, it will be imperative to carve out time on a daily basis to work on specific sections of the article – make a schedule and stick to it. After the drafting stage, your research and main points are fresh in your mind, and your thesis statement has been polished to gleaming How to write dissertation abstract within 300 words; Akreditimet; Marrëveshjet; Studentët . Research practices and approaches vary Proven Marketing Research Paper Tips. Jul 11, 2017 · A good place to start for your results section, it’s to restate the aim and objective of your research paper, so that your readers can refocus on the core of your academic article. CategoryResearch Paper.; TopicHow to get started writing a research paper.; Author; PostedSun, Jul 19th 2020 10:17 AM; Formatjpg/jpeg > More Like This. Aktivitete studentore; Debate; Writing first draft research paper. Abstract (labeled, centered, not bold). Here are some suggestions that can help you: Prepare a plan for your paper.

Jun 27, 2020 · G. Writing a research paper is an essential aspect of academics and should not be avoided on account of one's anxiety. Individual research stimulates problem-solving activities. Restate your research how to start writing a research paper problem. Aktivitete studentore; Debate; Writing first draft research paper. Start writing the abstract only when you complete the research paper. The catalog of topics is presented by the teacher or described in the methodical councils of the relevant discipline. Editing.

It gives you and your supervisor a clear view of what the research aims at achieving and within what time frame. To clarify the concept further, it is how to start writing a research paper the most important document as it tells how you will successfully conduct complex research by communicating your clear and concise ideas Jul 23, 2020 · While how to start writing a legal research paper writing research papers, excellent papers focus a great deal on the methodology. Before you begin writing your business research paper, choose a good topic to write about. If you’re looking back and forth between your resources and your paper as you begin writing, it’s easy to copy ideas without really creating your own work Writing a research paper is an essential aspect of academics and should not be avoided on account of one's anxiety. How to Write an Introduction for a Research Paper: Start an Introduction. May 15, 2016 · Research papers or Scholarly papers are scholarly/academic articles that contain the results of original research which is also known as Primary or an evaluation of research conducted by others know as Secondary. Writing a government research paper is often much the same as any other type of research paper, and following certain steps can frequently make the experience much easier. Such an approach will help you develop an attractive research paper introduction. Definition and Purpose of Abstracts An abstract is a short summary of your (published or unpublished) research paper, usually about a paragraph (c.

How To Write A Research Paper Step 1: How To Begin? Revise the first draft. Proofread how to start writing a research paper the final draft Sometimes the most difficult part of writing a research paper is just getting it started. Thus, the background of the study generates the reader's interest in your research question and helps them understand why your study is important Apr 10, 2019 · Introduce your paper. Write a first draft. Research work is devoted to specific studies. Most essay types have to be written in a strict structure Writing a graduate-level research paper takes a great deal of thought, time and resources, because of the sheer expectation placed upon graduate students. Jul 23, 2020 · First, that in turn should be taken into account – a fair and accurate decision motive research paper. Step 2 : Do a preliminary search for information. CategoryResearch Paper.; TopicHow to get started writing a research paper.; Author; PostedSun, Jul 19th 2020 10:17 AM; Formatjpg/jpeg > More Like This.

Best Essay Writing Service In Usa Reviews

Step 2 : Do a preliminary search for information. This isn’t uncommon, and—good news—is easily fixed! Jul 23, 2020 · While how to start writing a legal how to start writing a research paper research paper writing research papers, excellent papers focus a great deal on the methodology. There are three simple steps. Revise the first draft. For writing it, demonstrate the uniqueness of your research paper. The introduction should put the topic of your research paper in some sort of context. CategoryResearch Paper.; TopicHow to get started writing a research paper.; Author; PostedSun, Jul 19th 2020 10:17 AM; Formatjpg/jpeg > More Like This. The catalog of topics is presented by the teacher or described in the methodical councils of the relevant discipline.

• Point out issues that are being addressed in the present work Often students writing long, research-based papers how to start writing a research paper struggle with smoothly connecting the related ideas within the paper. Before you begin writing your business research paper, choose a good topic to write about. Writing a government research paper is often much the same as any other type of research paper, and following certain steps can frequently make the experience much easier. More items. You can choose anything about which you don't already know for which you can get data Jan 28, 2020 · This section is often considered the most important part of a research paper because it most effectively demonstrates your ability as a researcher to think critically about an issue, to develop creative solutions to problems based on the findings, and to formulate a deeper, more profound understanding of the research problem you are studying The discussion section is where you explore …. There are many things you should pay attention to when writing a research paper, but the most important of them are: Structure. Research Paper Details. Use footnotes or endnotes to document sources. After you've established the problem, move into describing the purpose and significance of your research within the field HOW TO START (AND COMPLETE) A RESEARCH PAPER.

If so, when writing required papers and rare books, original dissertations, archived articles, you want to figure out how to start writing a research paper […]. Consider focusing on a specific time period, location, or movement.. Start with a strong opening sentence that will grab your readers’ attention Feb 28, 2017 · Research Papers. The primary requirement of a research paper is to trace information about a topic, take a stand on that topic, and provide support. At this level in your education, you are not. Begin your research methodology section by listing the problems or questions you 2. State the hypotheses that were tested. The catalog of topics is presented by the teacher or described in the methodical councils of the relevant discipline. Aktivitete studentore; Debate; Writing first draft research paper.

Common Errors In Writing Research Paper

Write a dissertation in 3 weeks; Writing a science fair research paper; Writing a dissertation conclusion example; Tarifat dhe pagesat; Këshilla dhe orientime për student; Aktivitete. Pick a topic on which you would like to write, unless the topic already has been how to start writing a research paper assigned. Step 2 : Do a preliminary search for information. At this level in your education, you are not. Research Paper Details. Research Paper Details. First, you must identify the relationship between the two ideas. Organize your ideas. Jul 23, 2020 · First, that in turn should be taken into account – a fair and accurate decision motive research paper.

The facts do not contain opinions or conclusions, they describe the events that give rise to a legal question. The first section of an APA style paper will be the introduction, but it doesn’t have to be labeled. • Add 2-3 paragraphs that discuss previous work. Read your sources and take notes. Discuss also the academic gap which your research would fill which will lead to …. If so, when writing required papers and rare books, original dissertations, archived articles, you want to figure out […]. Jul 23, 2020 · First, that in turn should be taken into account – a fair and accurate decision motive research paper. Six Simple Steps for Writing a Research Paper Paper • You should also be making notes about specific conclusions that you are drawing from the material. how to start writing a research paper Jul 23, 2020 · While how to start writing a legal research paper writing research papers, excellent papers focus a great deal on the methodology. What you are writing about should always be a reflection Provide Background Information and Context. Craft a strong opening sentence that will engage the reader.

Look for sources of information. Be sure to have sound knowledge of legal research … Apr 26, 2020 · To write a research proposal, start by writing an introduction that includes a statement of the problem that your research is trying to solve. The objective of a summary is to provide you with a street map of what’s to be composed in the paper. How to write dissertation abstract within 300 words; Akreditimet; Marrëveshjet; Studentët . If you’re looking back and forth between your resources and your paper as you begin writing, it’s easy to copy ideas without really creating your own work Jul 23, 2020 · First, that in turn should be taken into account – a fair and accurate decision motive research paper. There are a few good reasons to get an early start: There are a few good reasons to get an early start: The best sources for your topic might be how to start writing a research paper taken by other students, or they might be located in a faraway library Introduction Paragraph Outline Present Your Essay Topic. Before you begin writing your business research paper, choose a good topic to write about. Use footnotes or endnotes to document sources. Write a dissertation in 3 weeks; Writing a science fair research paper; Writing a dissertation conclusion example; Tarifat dhe pagesat; Këshilla dhe orientime për student; Aktivitete. CategoryResearch Paper.; TopicHow to get started writing a research paper.; Author; PostedSun, Jul 19th 2020 10:17 AM; Formatjpg/jpeg > More Like This.



  • If you’re looking back and forth between your resources and your paper as you begin writing, it’s easy to copy ideas without really creating your own work Jul 23, 2020 · First, that in turn should be taken into account – a fair and how to start writing a research paper accurate decision motive research paper.
  • May 06, 2020 · Describing how to start writing a research paper Your Methods 1.
  • Research Paper how to start writing a research paper Details.
  • 3.2 Methods Section of how to start writing a research paper Research Paper.
  • If you write a how to start writing a research paper research paper in humanities, you can start the introduction with a ….

If so, when writing required papers and rare books, original dissertations, archived articles, you want to figure out […]. Mar 23, 2020 · It might be helpful to look over your research before you start writing, but don’t write directly from your research. The catalog of topics is presented by the teacher or described in the methodical councils of the relevant discipline. Thus, the background of the study generates the reader's interest in your research question and helps them understand why your study is important How to write dissertation abstract within 300 words; Akreditimet; Marrëveshjet; Studentët . Read your sources and how to start writing a research paper take notes. Summarize, analyze, explain, and evaluate published work rather than merely reporting it 1 day ago · To begin with, make a summary. This will allow you to come up with the necessary content of your newspaper. These facts will tell the reader the who, what, where and how of a particular situation. Views: 247K How to Write A Research Synopsis https://nairaproject.com/blog/how-to-write-a-research-paper-synopsis.html Background: here you are meant to lead down from the research in your area of study generally down to your specific research topic.

Difference Between Assignment Writing And Research Paper

Jul 23, 2020 · While how to start writing a legal research paper writing research papers, excellent papers focus a great deal on the methodology. Mar 23, 2020 · It might be helpful to look over your research before you start writing, but don’t write directly from your research. This is the pivotal part of the essay. how to start writing a research paper In order to do research work, the student should use knowledge from various scientific fields. Utilize facts from history or common practice. Describe the methods in a few paragraphs (participants, design, procedure, materials, independent and dependent Talk about the. Analyze the results. The main body of censorship research paper. Feb 28, 2017 · Research Papers. Just write the title of your paper (in regular type) on the start of the next page, then begin writing your introduction on the line below it. If so, when writing required papers and rare books, original dissertations, archived articles, you want to figure out […].

Secure Student Writing Essay Services

This is the first draft that demonstrates your skills to conduct research How to write dissertation abstract within 300 words; Akreditimet; Marrëveshjet; Studentët how to start writing a research paper . Writing an investigation essay takes some practice, but the task is easier once you approach the writing systematically. A well-written abstract serves multiple purposes: an abstract lets readers get the gist or essence of your paper or article quickly, in order to decide whether to…. CategoryResearch Paper.; TopicHow to get started writing a research paper.; Author; PostedSun, Jul 19th 2020 10:17 AM; Formatjpg/jpeg > More Like This. Before you begin writing your business research paper, choose a good topic to write about. How to Write a 10-Page Research Paper: What Should You Pay Attention to? Explain Key Terms. Be sure to have sound knowledge of legal research … Feb 19, 2020 · It's often easier to write the introductory paragraph after you've written the first draft of the main part of the paper (or at least sketched out a detailed outline, section by section or paragraph by paragraph).

Lesson Plan How To Begin Writing A Research Paper

The APA guidelines require writing an abstract, an introduction, and a bibliography as part of the paper, not only in the proposal. Jul 23, 2020 · First, that in turn how to start writing a research paper should be taken into account – a fair and accurate decision motive research paper. Secondly, you must organize your research paper according to …. Establish your overall methodological approach. Do not start writing. You may develop your own steps or procedures as you progress in your writing career; these steps are just to help you begin Jan 23, 2020 · 7 Step Guide On How To Write A Psychology Research Paper. Some people recommend that you begin your writing with the Introduction and continue through in order each section of the paper.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *